Listed below you will find some resources that are relevant to members of this group and their research areas: (there is more to come)

8R’s Redux CARL Libraries Human Resources Study (2013).  Retrieved from (Chapter 5: Recruiting for Diversity).  Also check the previous study under Ingles below.

ACRL. (2011).  Academic Library Services to International Students Interest Group.  Retrieved from

ACRL. (2013).  Library Instruction for Diverse Populations Bibliography. Retrieved from

American Federation of Teachers. (2010.)  

American Library Association New.  Diversity counts. 2012

Americal Library Association. (2012).  Diversity Standards: Cultural Competency for Academic Libraries.

Becker, J. (2017).  Active Allyship. Public Services Quarterly.

Caidi N. & Allard D. (2005) “Social Inclusion of Newcomers to Canada: An Information Problem?” Policy Matters Series, No. 23, CERIS publication. Retrieved from

Caidi, N., Allard, D., Longford, G., Dechief, D. (2007). “Including Immigrants in Canadian Society: What Role do ICTs Play?” – Draft Report (Submission to the Strategic Policy Research Directorate of Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC)) Retrieved from

Caidi, N., & Dali, K. (2015).  Can we talk? Perceptions of diversity issues bty students with diverse backgrounds, and a rumination on personal roads to systematic change.  New Library World, 116(11/12). pp. 796-799.

Chang, M (2005).  Reconsidering the Diversity rationale.  Liberal Education, 91(1), 6-13

Chapmen, C (2009).  Retention begins before day one: Orientation and socialization in libraries.  New Library World, 110(¾),122-135

Chilana, R. (2001). Delivering Multilingual Services in Public Libraries in British Columbia. PNLA Quarterly, 65 (3), 18-20.3

Cho, A., and Con, A.  (2012).  Partnerhips linking cultures: Multicultural librarianship in British Columbia’s Public Libraries.  In C. Smallwood & K. Becnel (Eds..), Library services for multicultural patrons: Strategies to encourage library use.  (37-47). Location: Scarecrow Press.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada.  (2011).  International Student Trends.  Retrieved from

Clutterbuck, D. (2005). “Succession planning: a developmental approach.” Development and Learning in Organizations, 19(5), 11-13.

Coleman, M.S.  (2011).  Diversity Matters at Michigan. Retrieved  from

Conference Board of Canada.  (2006).  Report on Diversity: Priorities, Practices and Performance in Canadian Organizations.  43 pg.

Cross, T.L., Bazron, B.J., Isaacs, M.R., & Dennis, K.W. (1989).  Towards a culturally competent system of care: A monograph on effective services for minority children who are severely emotionally disturbed.  Washington DC: Georgetown University for Child Health and Mental Health Policy, CASSP Technical Assistance Center.

Davis-Kendrick, K.D. (2009).  The kaleidoscopic concern: An annotated bibliography of diversity, recruitment, retention, and other concerns regarding African American and ethnic library professional in the United States.  Chicago, IL: Association of College and Research Libraries.

Dewey, B & Keally, J. (2008).  Recruiting for Diversity: Strategies for twenty-first century research librarianship. Library Hi Tech, 26(4), 622-629.

Fisher, K., Marcoux, E., Miller, L.S., Sanchez, A., & Ramirez, E. (2004). “Information behaviour of migrant farm workers and their families in the Pacific Northwest.” Information Research, 10(1). Retrieved from

Fryer, Roland G. Jr. 2007. “Belief Flipping in a Dynamic Model of Statistical Discrimination.” Journal of Public Economics, 91(5-6): 1151-1166

Garces, V.E. (1998).  The Recruitment of Minority Librarians: A Bibliography of the literature, 1990-1998.  Law Library Journal 90, 603-614.  Retrieved from

Government of Canada. (2013).  Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions: 2013-2018 Employment Equity and Diversity Plan.  Retrieved from

Gurin, P. (2009).  An Expert Report of Patricia Gurin.  The Compelling Need for Diversity in Higher Education, Retrieved from

Global Opportunities for UK Higher Education.  “International Higher Education in Facts and Figures,” retrieved from

Hang-tat Leong, Jack.  2013.  Ethnic Diversity at the University of Toronto Libraries.  IFLA.  Retrieved from

Humphries, J., Knight-Grofe, J., Klabunde, N.  (2009).  Canada First: The 2009 Survey of International Students.  Canadian Bureau for International Education.  Retrieved from 

Ingles, E., De Long, K., Humphrey, C., Sivak, A., Sorensen, M and de Peuter, J. (2005).  “The future of human resources in Canadian Libraries,” retrieved from

Institute of International Education.  (2009).  “International Students: All Places of Origin,” retrieved from

Josey, E.J. & Abdullahi, I.  (2002). Why Diversity in American Libraries.  Library Management, 23(½), 10-16

Kandiuk, Mary. (2013).  Promoting Racial and Ethnic Diversity Among Canadian Academic Librarians.  College and Research Libraries, Pre print:

Kumaran, M., & Templeton, L. (2016, August). Public library boards in a growing cultural context.  Poster presented at the National Diversity in Libraries Conference, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA.

Kumaran, M. (2015). Succession Planning Process that Includes Visible Minority Librarians. Library Management, 36(6/7), pp.434-447.

Kumaran, M & Cai, H. (2015). Identifying the Visible Minority Librarians in Canada: A National Survey. Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, 10(2). Available at

Kumaran, M (2014).  Visible Minority Librarians of Canada at the Ontario Library Association Super Conference, 2013. Other authors: May Chan, Chau Ha, Grace Liu, and Norda M ajekodunmi. Available at

Kumaran, M. & Salt, L. (2010).  Diverse Populations in Saskatchewan: the Challenges of Reaching them.  Partnership: The Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, 5(1).

Kumaran, M.  (2012).  Leadership in Libraries: A focus on ethnic minority librarians.  Chandos Publishing (Oxford), U.K.

Kumaran, M (2009).  Libraries Matter: Different Communities and Different Approaches.  SLA Forum 32 (4).

Lehmann, Jee-Yeon. 2013. “Job Assignment and Promotion Under Statistical Discrimination: Evidence from the Early Careers of Lawyers.” working paper

Lewis, W.T. (2010). Inclusive excellence and the role of faculty. Issues in Higher Education, 27 (5),p. 20.

Maciel, M., Kaspar, W., & Vanduinkerken, W. (2017). (Desperately) seeking service leadership in academic libraries: An analysis of dean and director position advertisements. Journal of Library Administration, 58(2), 1-36.

Majekodunmi, N. (2013).  Diversity in Libraries: The Case for the VIsible Minority Librarians of Canada (ViMLoC)?! Feliciter, 59 (1).  Retrieved from

Martin, R. R. (1994.)  Chancing the University Climate: Three Libraries Respond to Multicultural Students.  Journal of Academic Librarianship 20(1), 2-9.

Martin, R., McCann, Heather., Morales, Myrna., & Williams, Stacie.  (2013).  White Scree/White Noise: Racism and the Internet.  Urban Library Journal 19 (1).  Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/mak977/Downloads/1426-6292-1-PB%20(1).pdf

Matarazzo, J.M. & Mika, J.J. (2004).  Workforce Planning for Library and Information Science.  Library and Information Science Research, 26(2), 115-20.

Maxey-Harris, C & Anaya T.  (2010).  Diversity Plans and Programs.  Whashington, DC: Association of Research Libraries.

McMullen, K & Angelo E. (2011).  A Changing Portrait of International Students in Canadian Universities, retrieved from

Mestre, L. (2010).  How to Strengthen Diversity fforts in Librarians Serving Diverse Populations: Challenges and Opportunities.  Chicago, IL: Association of Research Libraries.

Miraflor A. (2005) “Library services and information needs of the Filipino community in the San Francisco Bay Area.” Retrieved from

Najera D. (2009) “U.S. Public Library Services to Latin American Immigrants: A Survey of Information Needs, Barriers to Access, Best Practices and Guidelines for Developing Library Services at a Local Level.”  Retrieved from

Nomura, T. & Caidi, N. (2013). Heritage language acquisition and maintenance: home literacy practices of Japanese-speaking families in Canada Information Research18(3) paper C37. [Available at

Oud, J. (2019). Systemic workplace barriers for academic librarians with disabilities.  College and Research Libraries.

Olivas, A.P. (2017). Choosing to lead. The motivational factors of underrepresented minority librarians in higher education.  ACRL, United States.

Roh, C. (2018). Scholarly communication in a time of change: considering the impact of bias, diversity, and traditional publishing structures as scholarly communication moves to new platforms and systems.  Retrieved from

Rosado, C. (1996).  Toward a Definition of Multiculturalism. Change in Human Systems.  Retrieved from

Silvio, D.K. (2006) “The information needs and information seeking behaviour of immigrant southern Sudanese youth in the city of London, Ontario: an exploratory study.” Library Review, 55(4), 259-266.

Smith, J.G. (2009). Twenty questions for chief diversity officers. Diversity Factor, 17 (4), p. 1-8.

Social Inclusion Audit and Toolkit:

St. Clair, S.O. (2008). Multicultural competence: diversity training from within. Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 25 (19), p. 25.

Statistics Canada.  Clasification of Visible Minority. (2010). Retrieved from

Statistics Canada.  Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada.  (2013).  Retrieved from

Tetteh B. (2011) “Serving African Immigrants in Colorado Public Libraries,” Colorado Libraries Vol. 35, no.4 . Retrieved from

Visconti, Gianmarco.  (2016). Queer muslim users: Intersectional spaces in libraries. Retrieved from

Visconti, Gianmarco.  (2015).  Legislation without empathy: race and ethnicity in LIS. Partnership: The Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, 10(2).  Retrieved from

Williment, K., Jones-Grant, T. (2012) “Asset Mapping at Halifax Public Libraries: A Tool for Beginning to Discover the Library’s Role with the Immigrant Community in Halifax.”Partnership: the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, vol. 7, no. 1.  Retrieved May 14, 2012 from



Birdi, B., Wilson, K. and Mansoor, S. (2012). ‘What we should strive for is Britishness’: an attitudinal investigation of ethnic diversity and the public library. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 44(2), pp.118-128.

Birdi B & Syed M (2011) Exploring reader response to minority ethnic fiction. Library Review, 60(9), 816-831. View this article in White Rose Research Online

Birdi, B., Wilson, K. and Tso, H.M. (2009). The nature and role of empathy in public librarianship. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 41(2), pp. 81-89.

Birdi, B., Wilson, K. and Cocker, J. (2009). The public library, exclusion and empathy: a literature review. Library Review, 57(8), pp. 576-592.

Birdi, B., and Wilson K. (2008). Public libraries and social exclusion: how empathic are we? Library and Information Update, 7(6), pp. 32-34.

Rosenthal, L. and Train, B. (2007). Breaking down barriers. Public Library Journal, 22(1), pp. 8-12.

Train B (2003) Building up or breaking down barriers? The role of the library in adult basic skills education. Library Review, 52(8), 394-402.


Train, B., Dalton, P., & Elkin, J. (2000) .  Embracing inclusion: the critical role of the library.  Library Management, 21(9), p. 483 – 490.

Vincent, J. 2009. Public library provision for black and minority ethnic communities – where are we in 2009?  Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 41,(3). p. 137-147.






1 Response to Bibliography

  1. Henry Quon says:

    Dear Sir/Madam,
    I came across your website the other day when I was visiting and I just wanted to add my 5 cent’s worth to the discussion on racial diversity in the Canadian library profession for whatever good it might do. As a Canadian of Chinese ancestry, I entered the librarian profession in 1988 after graduating with an MLS degree from the University of B.C. and I pursued this career path for the next four years before finally deciding to give it up in 1992 to pursue a career change. My reasons for doing so were two fold: the institutional discrimination back then made it difficult for librarians who did not come from the dominant anglo-canadian culture to pursue this career path and the second was a lack of mentoring support structure to encourage non-anglo librarians to stay on. When I left this field in 1992, I wrote letters to both the head of the library school that I had attended and also to one of the professors who I had treated as a confidant. Both men seemed genuinely surprised that I had encountered headwinds in my pursuit of this field and their reactions are understandable from the point of view of mainstream anglo-canadian males who themselves had never experienced how entrenched institutional racism can be as a career barrier in this profession as it has been for myself as someone who does not fit the “traditional” mold of what a librarian should resemble. Looking back now, I am still glad that I did choose librarianship as my initial career path after leaving university but I had never realized that I would have to pay such a high price for doing so. After reading articles on racial diversity in the library profession online, I have come to the sad realization that not much has apparently changed in the almost quarter century since I have left the library field- it is still overwhelmingly dominated by white middle class people who do not accurately reflect the changing demographics on both sides of the Canada/USA border. Sadly, some of the comments I read on seem to reflect a bias among some caucasian librarians that
    non-white librarians are definitely not wanted in THEIR field. Thankfully, there are those who have spoken out and denounced the blatant racism implied by these comments.


    Henry Quon
    Vancouver, British Columbia


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